Mental Health Practitioners Guide to HIV/AIDS

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Other ways to help improve mental health and well-being include:. You may find it helpful to create an action plan for your mental well-being. SAMHSA offers a free self-help guide you can use to create and maintain a wellness plan for yourself. Many organizations have websites and telephone hotlines that can help you find treatment for mental health conditions.

Content Source: HIV. Many Federal agencies have developed public awareness and education campaigns to address HIV prevention, treatment, care, and research.

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Also included is information about campaigns related to the prevention and diagnosis of hepatitis B and C. El VIH es una amenaza de salud grave para las comunidades latinas, quienes se encuentran en gran desventaja respecto de la incidencia de esta enfermedad en los Estados Unidos. Want to stay abreast of changes in prevention, care, treatment or research or other public health arenas that affect our collective response to the HIV epidemic? Or are you new to this field? Menu HIV. GOV Search Search. You can also: Call your HIV health care provider.

Get help from another health care provider.

Mental Health and HIV

Reach out to a close friend or loved one. Contact a minister, spiritual leader, or someone else in your faith community. If you are taking antiretroviral therapy ART or plan to take ART, consider the following: Sometimes ART can relieve your anxiety because knowing you are taking care of yourself can give you a sense of securing. However, some antiretroviral medications may cause symptoms of depression, anxiety, and sleep disturbance, and may make some mental health issues worse. Talk to your health care provider to better understand how your HIV treatment might affect your mental health and if anything can be done to address the side effects.

Also, some medicines for mental health conditions or mood disorders can interact with ART. Mental Health Providers and Programs Because mental health conditions are common, many outlets can help you maintain good mental health.

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  • Types of mental health providers include: Psychiatrists: Medically trained physicians who treat mental health problems with various therapies, like talk therapy, and by prescribing medicine. Psychologists: Trained professionals who help people cope with life challenges and mental health problems with therapies, like talk therapy, but usually cannot prescribe medicines. Therapists: Mental health or marriage and family counselors who help people cope with life issues and mental health problems.

    You may also choose to join a support group. Support groups include: Mental health support groups: An organized group of peers who meet in a safe and supportive environment to provide mental health support to members of the group. Other ways to help improve mental health and well-being include: Exercise: Regular exercise may help improve symptoms of depression and decrease stress. When you exercise, your brain releases chemicals called endorphins.

    HIV and AIDS – International Federation of Social Workers

    These chemicals help improve your mood. Meditation: Recent studies suggest that mindfulness meditation can help ease depression, anxiety, and stress. Find Mental Health Services Many organizations have websites and telephone hotlines that can help you find treatment for mental health conditions. Was this page helpful? Yes No Next I found this page helpful because the content on the page: check all that apply Had the information I needed Was trustworthy Was up-to-date Was written clearly Other: Next I did not find this page helpful because the content on the page: check all that apply Had too little information Had too much information Was confusing Was out-of-date Other: Next What can we do to improve this page?

    What can we improve? Nurses are not currently permitted to prescribe — refer to a doctor. If unsure at any point, then phone the referral centre for advice.

    If the depression worsens at any point, or if suicide risk increases, then refer the patient. The most recent general population study of the prevalence of mental disorders in SA was the SASH study, which reported a combined month prevalence of depressive and anxiety disorders of Quality of life is also adversely affected by anxiety disorders Table 1. Box 5. Prevalence and impact of SMDs.

    Both are responsive to a combination of psychotropic medication and ART.


    If alternatives are unavailable, contraindicated or involve significant drug-drug interactions, then initiate EFV and monitor carefully. HIV-associated neuropathological disease presents with a characteristic sub-cortical deficit pattern including: psychomotor slowing, impaired memory, attention, language, executive functioning and behavioural apathy.

    In patients receiving ART, a mixed cortical-subcortical picture is observed less psychomotor slowing, more executive function, language and visuo-spatial difficulties. Classification into various HAND categories Box 6 is determined by the extent of neurological and functional impairment:. Box 6. MND v. Grief is a normal, non-pathological response to any type of loss, not just death.

    Grief arising from a loss related to HIV may be particularly complicated; complicated grief is defined as a prolonged period of intensified grief symptoms that disrupt daily functioning. HCWs may also experience emotional and psychological effects from exposure to cumulative challenges within the health sector. While taking care of oneself is a prerequisite to taking good care of others, stigma persists for HCWs acknowledging burnout and vicarious trauma. Table 6 highlights key symptoms indicative of burnout and vicarious trauma.

    Conflict of interest. All expert panel members completed and submitted conflict of interest disclosure forms. Disclosure information represents the previous three years updated 15 November and includes relationships with pharmaceutical companies and medical aids. C Freeman has received support to attend a conference from Bristol-Myers Squibb; G Jonsson has received support to attend conferences from Janssen-Cilag, research support from Bristol-Myers Squibb and honoraria for speaking engagements from Toga Laboratories; J Joska has received an in-kind donation to support research from Norgine Pharmaceutircals and honoraria for speaking engagements from Sanofi Aventis; and G Meintjes has received honoraria for speaking engagements from Sanofi Aventis and serves as a consultant for Aid for AIDS.

    No physical health without mental health: lessons unlearned? Bull World Health Org ;a. Br J Psychiatry ; Meta-analysis of the relationship between HIV infection and risk for depressive disorders.


    Am J Psychiatry ; Spudich S, Gonzalex-Scarano F. HIVrelated central nervous system disease: Current issues in pathogenesis, diagnosis and treatment. Cold Spring Harb Perspect Med ; Mol Diagn Ther ; Thom RGM. The Access Series. South Africa: Reach Publishers, Literature on integrated HIV care: A review. Patients with severe mental illness: A new approach to testing for HIV. S Afr Med J ; Depressive and anxiety disorders in women with HIV infection.

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    Psychotherapeutic strategies. In: Fernandez F, Ruiz P, eds.

    HIV and Social Work: A Practitioner's Guide

    AIDS Care ;19 5 Hill L, Lee KC. Pharmacotherapy considerations in patients with HIV and psychiatric disorders: Focus on antidepressants and antipsychotics. Ann Pharmacother ; A systematic review of the psychiatric side effects of efavirenz.